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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Location | New South Wales
| Address | Parramatta Park, Parramatta
| Design and construction
| Owner |National Trust of Australia (NSW) - Trustee |} Old Government House is a former "country" residence of 10 early governors of New South Wales, located in Parramatta Park in Parramatta, New South Wales, now a suburb of Sydney. It is considered a property of national and international significance as an archaeological resource, and a demonstration of how the British Empire expanded, and Australian society has evolved since 1788.
In July 2010 Old Government House and Domain was inscribed on the World Heritage List as one of 11 Australian sites with a significant association with convict transportation (ie the Australian Convict Sites) which together represent "the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts"
The land the property is situated on is named Darug land, home to the Burramatta tribe. There is evidence of Aboriginal occupation on the site, such as middens.
Old Government House, Parramatta ArchitectureEdit
Standing within 260 acres (1.1 km2) of Parramatta Park, Old Government House is Australia’s oldest public building. In 1799, the central block of the house was built by Governor John Hunter, however the current appearance of Old Government House is mainly due to Governor Macquarie and his wife. It is an example of a direct translation of English building forms to Australia, containing the only example of eighteenth century English joinery in Australia at such a high standard. Shells from Aboriginal middens in the area were used to produce lime for mortar used in construction.
Old Government House, Parramatta World Heritage ListingEdit
In July 2010, at the 34th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Old Government House and Domain, as well as ten other Australian sites with a significant association with convict transportation, were inscribed as a group on the World Heritage List as the Australian Convict Sites. The listing explains that the 11 sites present "the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts". Of the 11 sites the Hyde Park Barracks, Old Great North Road and Cockatoo Island are also within the Sydney region. At the time of nomination, on 12 January 2007, Old Government House was described as a "powerful symbol of the colony of New South Wales, the inter-connections with convict sites in other colonies, and the development of the nation."
Old Government House, Parramatta See alsoEdit
- Government Houses of Australia
- Government House, Sydney
- List of National Trust properties in Australia
- UNESCO announcement of World Heritage listing
Old Government House, Parramatta ReferencesEdit
- ^ a b c http://www.oldgovernmenthouse.com.au/
- ^ UNESCO's World Heritage "Australian Convict Sites" webpages>
- ^ http://www.oldgovernmenthouse.com.au/index.php?page=architecture_ogh
- ^ "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – World Heritage Committee inscribes seven cultural sites on World Heritage List". UNESCO World Heritage Centre website. United Nations. 31 July 2010. http://whc.unesco.org/en/news/642. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
- ^ "National Trust of Australia (NSW) e-news Issue #16". National Trust of Australia (NSW). 24 January 2007. http://www.nsw.nationaltrust.org.au/e-news/issue16.html. Retrieved 17 September 2010.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Government_House,_Parramatta"Categories: Visitor attractions in New South Wales | Australian Convict Sites | Houses in Sydney | 1799 establishments in Australia